There are more than 5000 registered and explored caves in Bulgaria. Here are some of the most well known and visited Bulgarian caves.
The name of the cave ‘Ledenika’ comes from the fascinating ice sculptures which form in its antechamber during the cold part of the year. The cave is situated 16 kilometres from Vratsa, it is 300 metres long and it has 10 halls. The temperature in the external galleries ranges from -7 to -15 ºC. Inside Ledenika the temperature could reach 8 ºC. The cave has been filled with water many years ago, but now it has withdrawn and today all is left is a small pond. According to the legends, the pond is magical and could make the wishes of the visitors come true. Ledenika is a cave with interesting rock formations – here you can see the Crocodile, the Giant, the Hawk and Santa Claus.
One of the most interesting caves in Bulgaria is called Magurata and is located in close proximity to Belogradchik. The galleries of the cave are more than 2500 metres long. The heritage of the pre-historic people found in the cave is considered to be one of the richest in Europe - the walls of the galleries are covered with rock drawings. Some of the images are thought to represent an ancient calendar and that the cave has been used as an ancient sanctuary.The cave is famous for the largest stalagmite ever discovered in the country. It is named ‘The Fallen Pine’ and has the impressive length of over 11 metres. Magurata is used for wine production, as it is stored to mature in natural conditions.
The Yagodinska Cave is located in close proximity to the village of the Yagodina, in the Western Rodopi Mountains. The temperature in the cave is 6 ºC all year round. It is famous for the numerous stalactites, stalagmites and cave pearls found there. The cave has 3 levels, as just the first one is provided with electrical lighting and suitable for visitors. Visiting the other levels requires a group guide and equipment. Many newlyweds choose the cave for a romantic wedding ceremony.
One of the most beautiful Bulgarian caves – Uhlovitsa - is situated on 1040 metres above the sea level, 3 kilometres from the village of Mogilitsa, close to the Bulgarian-Greek border. A steep hill leads the visitors to the entrance of the cave, as the ascend takes 30 to 40 minutes. The walls of the cave are decorated with fine corallites. The temperature is mild and never exceeds 10-11 ºC. The cave has a second level, connected with the first by a metal ladder. The level is called ‘The Hall of Chasms’, as it is surrounded by 4 chasms.
Bacho Kiro cave is the first utilized cave in Bulgaria. It is situated close to the Dryanovo Monastery. The cave has 4 levels, and its galleries and tunnels are about 3600 metres long. Researchers and archaeologists have found that the cave has been inhabited during and after the Stone Age, as numerous artefacts such as blades, knives and other subjects made from bone were discovered there.
Devil’s Throat The Devil’s Throat is also situated in the Trigrad region. The cave is deep, and not long and it is categorised as a chasmic. Here you can witness the highest situated underground waterfall on the Balkan Peninsula. The main gallery is named ‘The Roaring Hall’ after the constant river roaring noise. According to the legend, this is the cave that Orpheus entered to descent to the Underground Kingdom and save Eurydice.
Haramiyska Cave is situated in the rocks above the road near the Rodopi village of Trigrad. The cave can only be visited by organised groups with a qualified guide securely equipped.